(19262011): was an Indian lyricist, musician, singer, poet and film-maker from Assam. His songs, written and sung mainly in the Assamese language by himself, are marked by humanity and universal brotherhood; and have been translated and sung in many languages, most notable in Bengali, and Hindi. Known for writing bold lyrics with themes of communal amity, universal justice and empathy, his songs have become popular among all sections of ethnic and religious communities in Assam, besides West Bengal and Bangladesh. He is acknowledged widely in the Hindi film industry for introducing Hindi film to the sounds and folk music of Assam and Northeast India. He was awarded the Padma Vibhushan, Indias second highest civilian honour in 2012.As a singer, Hazarika was known for his baritone voice and diction; as a lyricist, he was known for poetic compositions and parables which touched on themes ranging from romance to social and political commentary; and as a composer, for his use of folk music. Some of his most famous compositions were adaptations of American Black Spiritual that he had learned from Paul Robeson, whom he had befriended during his years in New York City in the early 1950s.After completing his MA he briefly worked at the All India Radio station at Guwahatibefore embarking for his doctoral studies at Columbia University. Soon after completing his education, he became a teacher at the Gauhati University.He was elected the President of the Asam Sahitya Sabha in 1993.
AWARDS & HONOURS
Awards and honors Bhupen Hazarika Statue Award for the Best Feature Film in Assamese (Shakuntala; Directed by Bhupen Hazarika) in the 9th National Film Awards (1961) Award for the Best Feature Film in Assamese (Chameli Memsaab; music by Bhupen Hazarika) in the 23rd National Film Awards (1975) Padma Shri - the fourth highest civilian award in the Republic of India (1977) Gold medal from the State Government of Arunachal Pradesh for "outstanding contribution towards tribal welfare, and uplift of tribal culture through cinema and music." (1979) All India Critic Association Award for best performing folk artist (1979) In 1979 and 1980 he won the Ritwik Ghatak Award as best music director for two theatre plays, Mohua Sundari, and Nagini Kanyar Kahini Bengal Journalist's Association Indira Gandhi Smriti Puraskar in (1987) Sangeet Natak Akademi Award (1987) Dadasaheb Phalke Award (1992) First Indian to win Best Music for the film Rudaali at the Asia Pacific International Film Festival in Japan (1993) Padma Bhushan - the third highest civilian award in the Republic of India (2001) Honorary Degree from Tezpur University (2001) 10th Kalakar Award for Lifetime Achievement in the year 2002, Kolkata. Sangeet Natak Akademi Fellowship (2008) Asom Ratna - the highest civilian award in the State of Assam, India (2009) In February 2009, the All Assam Students Union erected a life size statue of Hazarika on the banks of Digholi Pukhuri in Guwahati. Muktijoddha Padak - the highest civilian award by Bangladesh Government (posthumously, 2011) Asom Sahitya Sabha has honoured him with the title "Biswa Ratna". Padma Vibhushan - second highest civilian award in the Republic of India (2012)